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What is Web Development?

Web development is a term which involves the building and maintaining of websites that are accessible through the world wide web. Within the umbrella of web development are numerous programming languages...

Web development is a term which involves the building and maintaining of websites that are accessible through the world wide web. Within the umbrella of web development are numerous programming languages, web development frameworks, and web development tools. Although web development has come across with many changes all throughout the years, one thing has remained the same: it is all about creating applications that can operate within a web browser. To run the applications, coding languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are utilised. You might be wondering what coding languages are. These are languages that instruct a computer on what it should do. Programmers use these languages to communicate with the computer. The language that computers can understand is called 'binary' and translating a programming language into binary is called 'compiling'. Each coding language comes with its own set of advantages and distinct features. Coding languages enable computers to process enormous amounts of information quickly and efficiently. There are many coding languages available today. Here are some of them.

  • Python
  • Java
  • ASP.NET
  • C++
  • Scala
  • Ruby
  • HTML
  • JavaScript
  • C Language
  • C#
  • Objective-C
  • PHP
  • SQL
  • Swift

What does a web developer do?

Now that you are familiar with the different coding languages, let's talk about what exactly a web developer does. To put it simply, a web developer is in charge of taking a web design and turning it into a functioning website. To make this possible, they have to encode lines of code which are often lengthy and complex. To translate the code into a language that a computer will understand, the web developer must use a coding language which he or she is comfortable using, like HTML or Java. This endeavour takes a lot of time and patience. It entails a deep understanding of the coding language being utilised and how it is being used in the website. Web developers often specialise in a specific coding language. This means that if a website requires a collection of different coding languages, this will require a web developer to collaborate with another web developer. There are different types of developers. This is something that you should take note of. Each type of web developer focuses on a specific aspect in the website. There are 3 main types; front-end web developers, back-end web developers, and full-stack web developers.

Front-End Web Developers

It is the responsibility of front-end web developers to obtain the web design made by the client or design team and create a code that is needed to run it on the internet properly. They must be knowledgeable and fluent with the 3 most common programming languages; HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. As a rough guide, HTML enables the to create website content by splitting it into headings, paragraphs or tables. CSS enables them to create a design for the website, adjusting its various aspects like colour, size and border. Lastly, JavaScript enables them to add interactive website elements like push buttons.

Back-End Web Developers

If you think that a front-end developer's responsibility is difficult, just wait until you know what a back-end web developer does. To put it simply, front-end web developers are in charge of the programming on the client-side while back-end web developers are in charge of the programming on the server-side. In order to do their responsibilities well, back-end web developers write the code which controls the website server, website database, and website applications. The most essential aspect of their work is figuring out the most efficient way of writing the code, allowing the website operations to function as quickly as possible. This is a major consideration to undertake because website speed is a big factor that affects the website's search engine optimisation ranking. Some of the most commonly used programming languages on the back-end side of a website are Java, PHP, Python, Ruby, JavaScript and SQL.

Full-Stack Web Developers

Full-stack web developers are the best of both worlds. They are knowledgeable with both the front and back-end side of a website, putting them in a perfect position to oversee the entire project. If you don't have a big budget to develop a website, they are the best persons to collaborate with. Since they are in charge of the front and back-end of a website, it is imperative for them to have an extensive knowledge of both aspects.

What are the must have web developer tools?

As web development continues to improve, web developers are compelled to enhance their skills and improve their knowledge with tools that will cater the expectations of their clients. Thankfully, the web development community has come up with better tools that make the developers' lives easier.

Code and Text Editors

These tools enable the web developers to do their tasks as quickly and efficiently as possible. More than often, web developers stick to a single code and text editor that they are most comfortable with. These are of the most common code and text editors today; Atom, Sublime Text, Notepad++, Vim, Visual Code Studio

Web Application Frameworks

These are software libraries that were specially designed to help web developers build web APIs, web resources and web services. Some of the popular web frameworks are Django, Ruby On Rails, Angular, ReactJS, Vue.js, MeteorJS, and ASP.NET.

Front-End Frameworks

Otherwise known as CSS frameworks, these are standardised and pre-written packages that help web developers build a new website and begin with another task after successfully doing the previous one. The most common frameworks available are Bootstrap, Foundation, Materialize, Material UI and Semantic-UI.

Package Managers

These tools automate the process of upgrading, configuring, installing and uninstalling computer programs. Yarn and NPM are two of the commonly used package managers.

Git Clients

These are softwares that work with remote and local git repositories. GitCola, Github Desktop, GitKraken, SmartGit and SourceTree are just some of the Git GUI clients available for various operating systems.

API and Testing Cloud Tools

These tools enable web developers to build, test and communicate with the APIs methodically and securely. LambdaTest, Postman and REST-Assured are some of the highly preferred tools available.

Web Design and Prototyping Tools

Just creating a website or application code is no longer enough. To encourage people to use them, web developers need to channel their effort through UI and UX. Affinity Designer, Animator By Haiku, Figma, Framer, Mockplus, ProtoPie and Toolset allow digital companies to maximise the size of their design teams.

Collaboration Tools

Building a website requires the collaboration of numerous individuals. Web developers need to coordinate with their peers by utilising tools like Asana, Basecamp, JIRA, Slack and Zoom.